Thursday, December 18, 2008

The Atlantic Ocean is a fantastic source of wealth in Brazil. Its coastline of 7491 km and its gigantic Area Maritime coast is 4,451,766 km2, the BLUE AMAZON, also of incalculable value, will be key to the future of the country .Brazil is already self-sufficient in oil. The Maritime Platform P-43's Petrobras produces 150,000 barrels of oil per day, one of the largest in the world. New technologies will enable more, big mining operations across the borderline. And the trade routes in the South Atlantic will be increasingly important in the world. Since November 2007, have been announced discoveries of new fields in the Pre-Salt, as Tupi, Iara and Júpter. Only these 3 may have up to 16 billion barrels of oil and gas - enough to more than double the Brazilian reserves, then estimated at 14 billion. There is a huge oil throughout the pre-salt layer, with 800 km long and 200 km wide, and will of the Holy Spirit to Santa Catarina. That could make Brazil beat the mark of 100 billion barrels in reserves, a growth of 7 times and opening a new paradigm. With the best possible prospects for the future, Brazil would be producing in 2022 something like 12 million barrels of oil daily.

Sunday, November 2, 2008

South Atlantic routes

From a geostrategic point of view, the South Atlantic is extended to the Brazil’s Navy 20 degrees of latitude north to the Antarctic continent, except for the Caribbean, subject to other considerations of political, economic and strategic. The extension to the north, to Africa includes a projection that way that stresses Northeast Brazil with a narrow channel of not more than 1,500 nautical miles wide that is an important trade route with strategic value for the countries bordering the South Atlantic.

The main sea routesin the South Atlantic are:

Route 1: East, from the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean ports and Western Europe. Through this route passes by : 50% to 60% of all oil from all strategic materials imported from Europe.
Route 2 : same origin as - 1 in the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico ports and harbors in the U.S. East Coast. By this route goes about 26% of all oil imported by the U.S..
Route 3: To the ports of Brazil by the Mediterranean and ports in Europe and to the ports of MERCOSUR, this route has a 53% of the transit of all Brazilian exports.
Route 4: this route links South America to the ports in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico this route has a 11,5% of the transit from all Brazilian exports and 13.5% of transit from all Brazilian oil imports .
Route 5 : East and Indian Ocean to Brazil and vice versa. By this route are carried 68% of all Brazilian imports of oil (from the Persian Gulf) 33% of all Brazilian exports (iron to the East, mainly)
Route 6: Brazil for the Gulf of Guinea. By this route is transported 15% of all Brazilian imports of oil.
Since MERCOSUR, Brazil figures one very important trader among others members.
The focal areas in the South Atlantic, ie areas where the concentration of vessels becomes dangerous for air force attacks, and aggressions from surface vessels and submarines:

- The Southern Cape of Good Hope;
- In the estuary of the River Plate;
- The coast of Cape Frio;
- The bay of Fernando de Noronha;
- The coast of Nigeria;
- The coast of Cape Verde.

Saturday, October 25, 2008

Natural ressources in Africa

Although the AFRICOM istotally operational since September of 2008, a year before begun to work like a subcommand of the U.S. EUCOM.
For this reason, Afro-American general William E. " Kip" Ward was appointed by the president to occupy their headquarters.
That official, veteran of the insolvent operation of Somalia, held the position of Vice Head of the European commando.
For the High Commands who owned the greater weight on the region, the United States needed to increase their presence, because due to “its abundance of naturals resources " it will be " the next front of the fight against terrorism". - Statement of General James L. Jones, USCM Commander United States European Command before the Senate Armed Services Committee”, Washington, D.C., 07-03-06.

Wednesday, October 22, 2008

Maritime coridors

In the Congress declaration on the 7 of February of 2007 of the Secretary of State of the Defense Robert Gates, when presenting the military budget of the Pentagon for 2008, confirms that the United States consider, beyond Iran, also China and Russia as potential adversaries. Secretary Gates said to the Senate of the E.U that as much Russia, as China are threats for the United States: “Beyond making `Global War against the Terrorism, 'we had to also consider the uncertain passages of China.

Moreover, part of its objectives as global military alliance consists of assuring the “energy security” of the states members.
What this means is the militarization of the sea world-wide routes, of the passages of the strategical pipe-lines, the maritime corridors used by the oil tankers and of international waters from China and Russia, both continuing sophisticated programs of military modernization. ” It related Secretary-Generality of NATO Manfred Wörner

Saturday, October 18, 2008

Energy and nacional security

Specialists in the Organization of United Nations (ONU) in Tashkent, in the year of 1990, had defined the security as” a condition for which the States consider that a danger of a military aggression, politics or economic coercion pressures do not exist, thus to its proper development and progress" can freely grow”;

Based on this assumption on can infer, that a State loses its conditions of security in the hypothesis to see itself hindered to have access the power plants that believes to have the legal right, in the amount and costs adjusted, therefore of unacceptable economic coercion case can be configured.